Facebook SDK For Python Deprecated

Yesterday Facebook without a notice or warning decided it to delete their SDK github repo for Python. Today the repo is back online but with a notice saying that they have no plans to update it anymore. I’ve been seeing this coming since they stop adding new features awhile ago. So anyways there’s an alternative that will help us continue developing applications for Facebook even without their official support.

The move of deleting the repo really took me by surprise. All I have to say is that I really feel frustrated with this company, because they have abandon the Python comunity.

 

UUID Objects in Pylons with SQLAlchemy

Recently I had to generate and store uuid objects into a Postgres database, but to my surprise SQLAlchemy kept showing the following error:

sqlalchemy.exc.ProgrammingError: (ProgrammingError) can't adapt type 'UUID'

So the solution was that I had to change my field type from varchar to uuid on my Postgres database, import the psycopg2 extras functions and register the uuid type:

import psycopg2.extras
import sqlalchemy
from sqlalchemy import create_engine
from sqlalchemy import MetaData,Column, Table, ForeignKey
 
engine = create_engine('postgresql://user:pass@localhost/db',echo=True)
metadata = MetaData(bind=engine)
hash_key = uuid.uuid4()
psycopg2.extras.register_uuid()
conn = engine.connect()
query = conn.execute("insert into tbl (uuid_col) values(%(uuid)s",uuid=hash_key)

And voila, values were inserted correctly on my database.

 

Implementing a text based captcha in Pylons

One of the must have elements on any html form as an anti-spam measure is a captcha, and the captcha technique that has worked pretty well for me is text based. So here’s how to implement one.

Create a controller and name it captcha

 ~$ paster controller captcha

Add this function to your helpers.py file

def makeCaptcha(lang):
      label = {
          1 : 'one',
          2 : 'two',
          3 : 'three',
          4 : 'four',
          5 : 'five',
          6 : 'six',
          7 : 'seven',
          8 : 'eight',
          9 : 'nine',
          10 : 'ten'
      }
      num1 = random.randint(1,10)
      num2 = random.randint(1,10)
      res = num1 + num2
      session['captcha'] = res
      session.save()
      return [label[num1],label[num2]]

On the templates folder create an html file with an example form

<form method="post" action="${url(controller='captcha',action='contact')}" id="contact-frm">
  <fieldset>
    <%
      capt = h.makeCaptcha()
      c.captcha =  u"What is the result of the sum %s and %s?." % (capt[0],capt[1])
    %>
    <span>${u"As an  anti spam measure, please answer the following math question."}</span><br />
    <label for="captcha">${c.captcha}</label>
    <!-- we set a maxlength of 2 characters on this input field because the answer should be numeric -->
    ${h.text('captcha',maxlength=2)}
 </fieldset>
</form>

Save it and call it captcha.html

Add the following to captcha controller

I decided to create a validation schema using formencode:

import formencode
 
from formencode import variabledecode
 
from formencode import validators
 
from formencode.validators import Invalid, FancyValidator
 
#this class will validate the captcha value entered by the user
class CaptchaValidator(formencode.FancyValidator):
    def _to_python(self,values,state):
        if session.get('captcha') != int(values.get('captcha')):
          raise formencode.Invalid(u"The math answer is incorrect",values, state)
          return values
 
class NewInquiry(formencode.Schema):
  allow_extra_fields = True
  filter_extra_field = True
  captcha = formencode.validators.String(
    not_empty = True,
    messages = {
      'empty' : 'You need to answer the math question.'
  })
  # chain the captcha validator
  chained_validators = [CaptchaValidator()]
 
# our contact view
def contact(self):
      if request.method == 'POST':
        try:
          values = dict(request.params)
          schema = NewInquiry()
          results = schema.to_python(values)
        except Invalid, e:
          #raise error if something went wrong
        else:
          #send to contacts
      return render('captcha.html')

And that’s pretty much it. The only drawback I can find is that isn’t very intuitive at times since users my try to answer with words instead of numeric values. That’s why I added a maxlength of 2 characters to the input field.

But you could easily implement a Javascript validation function to notify the user to type numeric values instead of characters before she submits the form.

 

HTML lists with jQuery for mobile devices

Recently I had to transform a group of li elements into an accordion for a mobile version of a client website. So this is what I came up with.

I had an html that looked like this

<ul>
<li><span>Category1</span>
  <ul>
    <li>Subcategory1</li>
    <li>Subcategory2</li>
  </ul>
</li>
<li><span>Category2</span>
  <ul>
    <li>Subcategory</li>
    <li>Subcategory1</li>
  </ul>
</li>
 
</ul>

And I wanted to collapse all the subcategories on load leaving only the categories visible and when they click/touched each category subcategories will expand. So I wrote this script based off from Sam Croft script.

(function($){
  $.fn.accordion = function() {
    var el = this;
    var catHeight;
    catHeight = new Array();
 
    el.find('.category ul').each(function(i){
      var category = $(this);
      catHeight[i] = category.height();
      category.addClass('closed')
 
    });
 
      el.find('.category-header ').bind('touchstart', function(e) {
        e.preventDefault();
        var toExpand = $(this).next('ul');
        var i = toExpand.index('li ul');
 
        if (toExpand.attr('id') == 'active') {
          toExpand
          .removeAttr('id')
          .removeAttr('style')
          .addClass('closed');
 
        } else {
        var active = $('#active')
 
        if (active.length > 0) {
          active
          .removeAttr('id')
          .removeAttr('style')
          .addClass('closed');
        }
 
        toExpand
        .attr('id', 'active')
        .css('height', catHeight[i]+'px')
        .removeClass('closed');
 
      }
  });
}
})(jQuery);

And with this script I had to modify my html lists to look like this

<ul class="list">
<li class="category"><a class="category-header" href="#">Category1</a>
  <ul>
    <li>Subcategory1</li>
    <li>Subcategory2</li>
  </ul>
</li>
<li class="category"><a class="category-header" href="#">Category2</a>
  <ul>
    <li>Subcategory</li>
    <li>Subcategory1</li>
  </ul>
</li>
 
</ul>

My css file

.closed {  height: 0; display:none;}
#active{display:block}

Usage

$(document).ready(function() {
  $('.list').accordion();
})

You can see a working example here.

 

Pylons and Twitter Based Authorization

Implementing Twitter authorization in Pylons is easy as butter, I will show you how to do it in the next steps.

Download python-twitter and install it

https://code.google.com/p/python-twitter

  python setup.py build
  python setup.py install

Download and install dependencies

https://github.com/simplegeo/python-oauth2
http://code.google.com/p/httplib2/
http://cheeseshop.python.org/pypi/simplejson

Now you’re almost there. There’s a file called get_access_token.py that you need to call in order to obtain the Twitter session secret_token, but I decided to create a class based from that file instead. Save this class on your project lib folder as twittertoken.py.

import os
import sys
 
# parse_qsl moved to urlparse module in v2.6
try:
  from urlparse import parse_qsl
except:
  from cgi import parse_qsl
 
import oauth2 as oauth
 
REQUEST_TOKEN_URL = 'https://api.twitter.com/oauth/request_token'
ACCESS_TOKEN_URL  = 'https://api.twitter.com/oauth/access_token'
AUTHORIZATION_URL = 'https://api.twitter.com/oauth/authorize'
SIGNIN_URL        = 'https://api.twitter.com/oauth/authenticate'
 
class GenerateToken(object):
 
  def __init__(self,consumer_key=None,consumer_secret=None):
    if consumer_key is None or consumer_secret is None:
      raise TokenError('please add a consumer key and secret')
    else:
      signature_method_hmac_sha1 = oauth.SignatureMethod_HMAC_SHA1()
      self.oauth_consumer             = oauth.Consumer(key=consumer_key, secret=consumer_secret)
      self.oauth_client               = oauth.Client(self.oauth_consumer)
 
  def getrequestTokenURL(self):
    resp, content = self.oauth_client.request(REQUEST_TOKEN_URL, 'GET')
    if resp['status'] != '200':
      raise TokenError('Invalid response from Twitter')
    else:
      request_token = dict(parse_qsl(content))
      pieces = {
        'url' : "%s?oauth_token=%s" % (AUTHORIZATION_URL, request_token['oauth_token']),
        'token_secret': request_token['oauth_token_secret']
      }
      return pieces
 
  def authRequest(self,oauth_token=None,oauth_token_secret=None,oauth_verifier=None):
      token = oauth.Token(oauth_token,oauth_token_secret)
      token.set_verifier(oauth_verifier)
      oauth_client  = oauth.Client(self.oauth_consumer, token)
      resp, content = oauth_client.request(ACCESS_TOKEN_URL, method='POST', body='oauth_verifier=%s' % oauth_verifier)
      access_token  = dict(parse_qsl(content))
      if resp['status'] != '200':
        raise TokenError('The request for a Token %s did not succeed: %s' % (access_token,resp['status']) )
      else:
        auth = {
          'access_token' : access_token['oauth_token'],
          'access_token_secret' : access_token['oauth_token_secret'],
        }
        return auth
 
class TokenError(Exception):
  '''Base class for Token errors'''
 
  @property
  def message(self):
    '''Returns the first argument used to construct this error.'''
    return self.args[0]

Usage

create a controller in this case I’ll create an account controller

 paster controller account
import twitter
import PRJNAME.lib.twittertoken as twittertoken
def twitter_auth(self):
    token = twittertoken.GenerateToken(consumer_key=config['twitter.key'], consumer_secret=config['twitter.secret'])
    request_token = token.getrequestTokenURL()
    #save the token secret it will be used to generate the user's access_token and and access_secret
    session['token_secret'] = request_token['token_secret']
    session.save()
    # redirect to twitter screen
    return redirect(url(request_token['url']))
 
def twitter_preferences(self):
   params = request.params
   twittertoken.GenerateToken(consumer_key=config['twitter.key'], consumer_secret=config['twitter.secret'])
  auth = twittertoken.authRequest(oauth_token=params.get('oauth_token'),oauth_token_secret=session.get('token_secret'),oauth_verifier=params.get('oauth_verifier'))
  if auth['access_token'] and auth['access_token_secret']:
  #save to db or get user friend list
  for u in api.GetFriends():
    log.debug(u.name)

I hope it helps to someone looking to implement Twitter on their Pylons projects.

 

Pylons and Facebook based Authorization with OAuth 2.0

Authorizing a user using Facebook OAuth 2.0 based login it’s pretty straighfoard. This is for the person who asked a question on stackoverflow.com I hope it helps.

Add the apikey, appid and secret of my Facebook app to the development.ini file

facebook.apikey = 42bc5a4051b274ede5cb73a6cd6fad56
facebook.secret = a355e66e8c0293390896a170f9d5r4c3
facebook.appid = 20894420580890

Configure my model/init.py file:

from PRJNAME.model.meta import Session, Base
 
from sqlalchemy import Column
from sqlalchemy import Integer
from sqlalchemy import Unicode
from sqlalchemy import Table
from sqlalchemy import Text
from sqlalchemy import Unicode
from sqlalchemy import BigInteger
from sqlalchemy import TIMESTAMP
from sqlalchemy import ForeignKey,ForeignKeyConstraint
from sqlalchemy.orm import mapper
 
import datetime
 
def init_model(engine):
    """Call me before using any of the tables or classes in the model"""
    Session.configure(bind=engine,autoflush=True,autocommit=False)
 
def now():
    return datetime.datetime.now()
 
social_user = Table('social_user', Base.metadata,
    Column('id', Integer, primary_key=True),
    Column('oauth_provider', Text(), nullable=False),
    Column('oauth_id', Text() , nullable=False),
    Column('username', Unicode(50), nullable=False),
    Column('access_token', Unicode(200)),
    Column('created', TIMESTAMP(timezone=True), default=now()),
    )
 
  class Social(object):
    pass
 
  mapper(Social,social_user)

Download the Facebook Python-SDK

https://github.com/facebook/python-sdk

And save it on your project lib directory

Create a controller named account

~$ paster controller account

Add a view named login and render a login button

I’ll use https://graph.facebook.com/oauth/authorize as the url to start the authorization process

 import PRJNAME.lib.facebook as facebook
 import simplejson
 from pylons import config
 
 class AccountController(BaseController):
 
   def login(self):
     params = {
       'client_id':config['facebook.appid'],       
       'scope' : 'offline_access,publish_stream,email', #permissions needed by the app
       'redirect_uri' : 'http://'+request.environ['HTTP_HOST']+'/account/auth'
     }
     keys = params.keys()[:]
     keys.sort()
     q_str = unicode()
     for name in keys:
       q_str+= ("&%s=%s" % (name,params[name]))
     c.login_url = 'https://graph.facebook.com/oauth/authorize?' + q_str
     return render('/website/login.html')

login.html

<h1>Login with Facebook</h1>
<p><a href="${c.login_url}"><img src="/images/fblogin.png" alt="login with Facebook" /></a></p>

Add a function on helpers.py

This function will create our access_token from our code request params

  import urllib
  import json
 
  def getAccessTokenFromCode(applicationId, applicationSecret, code,redirect_uri):
    q_str = unicode()
    params = {
      'client_id':applicationId,
      'client_secret':applicationSecret,
      'code':code,
      'redirect_uri':'http://'+request.environ['HTTP_HOST']+redirect_uri
    }
    keys = params.keys()[:]
    keys.sort()
    for name in keys:
      q_str+= ("&%s=%s" % (name, params[name]))
    url = 'https://graph.facebook.com/oauth/access_token?'+ q_str
    response = urllib.urlopen(url).read()
    result = response.split('=')[-1]
    if result:
      return result

Create an auth view on account controller

I do this because in the link button there is an argument called redirect_uri that points to http://ww.example.com/account/auth.

from PRJNAME.lib.helpers import getAccessTokenFromCode
from pylons import config
 
def auth(self):
if request.params.has_key('code'):
      access_token = getAccessTokenFromCode(
       config['facebook.appid'],
       config['facebook.secret'],
       request.params.get('code'),
       redirect_uri='/account/auth'
      )      
      graph = facebook.GraphAPI(access_token)
      #grab the user data
      fbdata = graph.get_object("me") 
      #query the db to check if user is already authorized
      q = Session.query(model.Social)
      user = q.filter_by(oauth_id=fbdata['id']).first()
      if user:
       # you can redirect to a dashboard
       return 'already in db and authorized'
      else:
      #insert user data to db
      fb = model.Social()
      fb.oauth_provider = 'Facebook'
      fb.oauth_id = fbdata['id']
      fb.username = fbdata['name']
      fb.access_token = access_token
      Session.add(fb)    
      Session.commit()
      # redirect to dashboard page

And that’s pretty much it.

 

Android SDK and Local Testing

It’s been awhile since I installed the Android SDK, today I’m starting a new android app so I updated to the latest version. To my surprise the tools have moved to different folders so just as I was ready to start testing locally I couldn’t find adb (adroid debugger bridge) in the tools folder, turns out it’s now located in the plataform-tools folder.

Here are the steps I’m using:

First you have to create an Android Virtual Device. Star the Android SDK Manager

android:~$ cd tools
tools:~$ ./android

Download the Android API you need or download them all
download android api

Create your Android Virtual Device
create android virtual device

Now you could start you virtual device from the SDK Manager but I prefer to do it from the shell since I’m able to add command options like

  • -wipe-data (To erase data stored from previous sessions)
  • -shell (So I can edit the /etc/hosts file later)
  • -no-boot-anim (It helps the emulator to boot up faster)
  • -noskin (It minimizes memory consumption)
  tools:~$ ./emulator -avd test -wipe-data -shell -no-boot-anim -noskin

Open a new shell tab and go to the platform-tools folder and remount the image with the Android Debugger Bridge. This is to get rid of the file write permissions issue.

$ cd platform-tools
platform-tools:~$./adb remount

Now go back to the tab where we started out emulator and edit the hosts file to point to a local domain. It’s important to mention that the /etc/hosts file in the emulator is different from then system /etc/hosts. Replace example.com to your desired local domain

tools:~$ echo '10.0.2.2 example.com' >> /etc/hosts

And that’s it. Now you can browse example.com locally. Hope it helps someone.

 

Paste Server init script in Debian

This past few months I’ve set up a few beta projects on a single Debian server, and now it has become a tedious task typing the command to start|restart|stop paste for each project everytime I push new code. So I decide it to create a init script to simplify things.

For this I’ve my virtual environment installed inside the project folder. Make sure to replace virtual-env whit the name of your virtual environment folder and ProjectName with the name of your project folder. Here’s how it looks:

 
#! /bin/sh
 
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          paster
# Required-Start:    $all
# Required-Stop:     $all
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: starts the paster server
# Description:       starts paster 
### END INIT INFO
 
 
PROJECT=/var/www/ProjectName
PID_DIR=/opt/nginx/logs/ProjectName/
PID_FILE=/opt/nginx/logs/ProjectName/paster.pid
LOG_FILE=/opt/nginx/logs/ProjectName/paster.log
USER=root
GROUP=root
PROD_FILE=/var/www/ProjectName/production.ini
RET_VAL=0
 
cd $PROJECT
 
case "$1" in
start)
virtual-env/bin/paster  serve \
--daemon \
--pid-file=$PID_FILE \
--log-file=$LOG_FILE \
--user=$USER \
--group=$GROUP \
$PROD_FILE \
start
 
;;
stop)
virtual-env/bin/paster  serve \
--daemon \
--pid-file=$PID_FILE \
--log-file=$LOG_FILE \
--user=$USER \
--group=$GROUP \
$PROD_FILE \
stop
 
;;
restart)
virtual-env/bin/paster  serve \
--daemon \
--pid-file=$PID_FILE \
--log-file=$LOG_FILE \
--user=$USER \
--group=$GROUP \
$PROD_FILE \
restart
 
 
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart}"
exit 1
esac

So now I can save this file as projectname-paster and move it to /etc/init.d/ and start it with:

sudo /etc/init.d/projectname-paster start | restart | stop
 

Host Email with Postfix, Dovecot and Postgres on Debian 6 (Squeeze)

Recently I had to configure a web server from scratch, which I haven’t done in a while. So I took a look at the guides from my current hosting provider Linode. They have a guide covering debian 5 (Lenny) which is basically the same for debian 6 (squeeze). To make this a bit more exciting I decided to replace MySQL for Postgres since I really didn’t need it. So I will only post about the changes you need to perform based from the Linode guide.

Install Required Packages

Replace the mysql related packages for postgres and replace mailx for bsd-mailx.

apt-get install postfix postfix-pgsql postfix-doc dovecot-common dovecot-imapd dovecot-pop3d postfix-tls libsasl2-2 libsasl2-modules libsasl2-modules-sql sasl2-bin libpam-pgsql openssl telnet bsd-mailx postgresql-contrib postgresql-8.4

Set up Postgres for Virtual Domains and Users

Open /etc/postgres/8.4/main/pg_hba.conf and make sure local connections require a password

host    all         all         127.0.0.1/32          md5

You could also make all local connections trusted and in this case no password will be needed, but of course it could represent a security risk

host    all         all         127.0.0.1/32          trust

This next step is optional but as a security measure I like to have Postgres listen on a diferent port other than the default.

Open /etc/postgres/8.4/main/postgres.conf and uncomment the following line and add 6789 as the port number

port = 6789

Create the user for the mail database.

sudo -u postgres createuser  -P -E -s -d mail_admin

Now create the database.

sudo -u postgres createdb -O mail_admin mail -E UTF-8

Grant all privileges.

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON DATABASE mail to mail_admin;

Create domains, forwardings, users and transport tables.

CREATE TABLE domains (domain varchar(50) NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY (domain) );
CREATE TABLE forwardings (source varchar(80) NOT NULL, destination TEXT NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY (source) );
CREATE TABLE users (email varchar(80) NOT NULL, password varchar(20) NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY (email) );
CREATE TABLE transport ( domain varchar(128) NOT NULL default '', transport varchar(128) NOT NULL default '', constraint fieldomainunique UNIQUE  (domain) );

Now I’ll create a domain and user in mail database. But first I will use Postgres pgcrypto functions since passwords need to be encrypted using the UNIX original encryption scheme. Replace your_password with your own password.

mail=#\i /usr/share/postgresql/8.4/contrib/pgcrypto.sql
INSERT INTO domains (domain) VALUES ('example.com');
INSERT INTO users (email, password) VALUES ('info@example.com', crypt('your_password', gen_salt('des') ));
mail=#\q

Configure Postfix to work with Postgres

Create file /etc/postfix/pgsql-virtual_domains.cf

user = mail_admin
password = mail_admin_password
dbname = mail
query = SELECT domain AS virtual FROM domains WHERE domain='%s'
hosts = 127.0.0.1:6789

Create file /etc/postfix/pgsql-virtual_forwardings.cf

user = mail_admin
password = mail_admin_password
dbname = mail
query = SELECT destination FROM forwardings WHERE source='%s'
hosts = 127.0.0.1:6789

Create file /etc/postfix/pgsql-virtual_mailboxes.cf

user = mail_admin
password = mail_admin_password
dbname = mail
query = SELECT split_part(email, '@', 2) || '/' || split_part(email,'@', 1) FROM users WHERE email='%s';
hosts = 127.0.0.1:6789

Create file /etc/postfix/pgsql-virtual_email2email.cf

user = mail_admin
password = mail_admin_password
dbname = mail
query = SELECT email FROM users WHERE email='%s'
hosts = 127.0.0.1:6789

Set the proper permissions

chmod o= /etc/postfix/pgsql-virtual_*.cf
chgrp postfix /etc/postfix/pgsql-virtual_*.cf

Add the following one line at a time. Replace qualified.hostname.com with your hostname

postconf -e 'myhostname = qualified.hostname.com'
postconf -e 'mydestination = qualified.hostname.com, localhost, localhost.localdomain'
postconf -e 'mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8'
postconf -e 'message_size_limit = 30720000'
postconf -e 'virtual_alias_domains ='
postconf -e 'virtual_alias_maps = proxy:pgsql:/etc/postfix/pgsql-virtual_forwardings.cf, pgsql:/etc/postfix/pgsql-virtual_email2email.cf'
postconf -e 'virtual_mailbox_domains = proxy:pgsql:/etc/postfix/pgsql-virtual_domains.cf'
postconf -e 'virtual_mailbox_maps = proxy:pgsql:/etc/postfix/pgsql-virtual_mailboxes.cf'
postconf -e 'virtual_mailbox_base = /home/vmail'postconf -e 'virtual_uid_maps = static:5000'postconf -e 'virtual_gid_maps = static:5000'
postconf -e 'smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes'postconf -e 'broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_sasl_authenticated_header = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated, reject_unauth_destination'
postconf -e 'smtpd_use_tls = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.cert'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.key'
postconf -e 'virtual_create_maildirsize = yes'
postconf -e 'virtual_maildir_extended = yes'
postconf -e 'proxy_read_maps = $local_recipient_maps $mydestination $virtual_alias_maps $virtual_alias_domains $virtual_mailbox_maps $virtual_mailbox_domains $relay_recipient_maps $relay_domains $canonical_maps $sender_canonical_maps $recipient_canonical_maps $relocated_maps $transport_maps $mynetworks $virtual_mailbox_limit_maps'
postconf -e virtual_transport=dovecotpostconf -e dovecot_destination_recipient_limit=1

Change postfix listening port to 2525 in /etc/postfix/master.cf.

2525      inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd

Or you could just uncomment the submission line and default to port 587.

submission inet n       -       -       -       -       smtpd

Configure saslauthd to use Postgres

Create file /etc/pam.d/smtp. Replace your_password with your own password.

auth    required   pam_pgsql.so user=mail_admin passwd=your_password host=127.0.0.1 port=6789 db=mail table=users usercolumn=email passwdcolumn=password crypt=1
account sufficient pam_pgsql.so user=mail_admin passwd=your_password host=127.0.0.1 port=6789 db=mail table=users usercolumn=email passwdcolumn=password crypt=1

Create file /etc/postfix/sasl/smtpd.conf. Replace your_password with your own password.

pwcheck_method: saslauthd
mech_list: plain login
allow_plaintext: true
auxprop_plugin: sql
sql_engine: pgsql
sql_hostnames: 127.0.0.1:6789
sql_user: mail_admin
sql_passwd: your_password
sql_database: mail
sql_select: select password from users where email = '%u'

Create file /etc/pam_pgsql.conf. Replace your_password with your own password.

database = mail
host = localhost
user = mail_admin
password = your_password
table = users
user_column = email
pwd_column = password
pw_type = crypt

Set proper permissions to files.

chmod o= /etc/pam_pgsql.conf
chmod o= /etc/postfix/sasl/smtpd.conf

Configure Dovecot

One thing that was pointed out at the end of the guide by user Nathan  is to change cmusieve for sieve on file /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf on this following part

protocol lda {
    log_path = /home/vmail/dovecot-deliver.log
    auth_socket_path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-master
    postmaster_address = postmaster@example.com
    mail_plugins = cmusieve #change to sieve
    global_script_path = /home/vmail/globalsieverc
}

Create file /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf. Replace your_password with your own password.

driver = pgsql
connect = host=127.0.0.1 port=6789 dbname=mail user=mail_admin password=your_password
default_pass_scheme = CRYPT
password_query = SELECT email as user, password FROM users WHERE email='%u';


And thats about it. If you managed to configure everything correctly congratulations!, if not post a comment and we’ll try to find the solution.

Troubleshooting

Remember that /var/log/syslog and /var/log/mail.log are your friends. You can also add the word debug at the end of each line on /etc/pam.d/smtp to help you troubleshoot any problems you may encounter.

 

repoze.what with reflected tables using SQLAlchemy in Pylons

One of the many things I like about SQLAlchemy is the feature of reflected tables, this means I can develop dashboards for existing applications with my current favorite framework(Pylons). So I had to create an authorization mechanism for my dashboard and this recipe from the Pylons cookbook was just what I needed.

The only thing I had to change was the way my tables were being mapped since the users table schema was already defined. This is what I did:

user_table = schema.Table('users', Base.metadata, autoload=True, autoload_with=engine)
 
user_group_table = schema.Table('user_groups',Base.metadata,autoload=True,autoload_with=engine)
 
group_permission_table = schema.Table('group_permission',Base.metadata,autoload=True,autoload_with=engine)
 
permission_table = schema.Table('permissions', Base.metadata,autoload=True,autoload_with=engine)
 
group_table = schema.Table('groups', Base.metadata,autoload=True,autoload_with=engine)
 
orm.mapper(User,user_table, properties={
      'groups':orm.relation(Group, secondary=user_group_table),
    })
 
orm.mapper(Permission,permission_table,properties={
      'groups':orm.relation(Group, secondary=group_permission_table),
    })
 
orm.mapper(Group,group_table,properties={
      'permissions':orm.relation(Permission, secondary=group_permission_table),
      'users':orm.relation(User, secondary=user_group_table),
    })
 
orm.mapper(UGT,user_group_table)
 
orm.mapper(GPT,group_permission_table)

And here’s the schema I had to create, except for the users table:

CREATE TABLE user_groups( 
id serial NOT NULL,  
user_id INTEGER,  
group_id INTEGER,  
CONSTRAINT user_groups_pkey PRIMARY KEY (id), 
CONSTRAINT gid_fkey FOREIGN KEY (group_id) REFERENCES groups (id)
CONSTRAINT uid_fkey FOREIGN KEY (user_id)   REFERENCES users (id) 
)
CREATE TABLE group_permission(
id serial NOT NULL,
gid INTEGER,
permid INTEGER,
CONSTRAINT group_permission_pkey PRIMARY KEY (id),
CONSTRAINT groupid_fkey FOREIGN KEY (gid) REFERENCES groups (id),
CONSTRAINT permid_fkey FOREIGN KEY (permid) REFERENCES permissions (id) 
)
CREATE TABLE permissions(
  id serial NOT NULL,
  pname CHARACTER VARYING(50),
  CONSTRAINT permissions_pkey PRIMARY KEY (id)
)
CREATE TABLE groups(
  id serial NOT NULL,
  gname CHARACTER VARYING(50),
  CONSTRAINT groups_pkey PRIMARY KEY (id)
)
CREATE TABLE users(
id serial NOT NULL,
username CHARACTER VARYING(50),
email CHARACTER VARYING(50),
upassword CHARACTER VARYING(150),
CONSTRAINT users_pkey PRIMARY KEY (id)
)

And that’s all there’s to it. I was very surprise on how flexible SQLAlchemy is.