Pylons and Facebook based Authorization with OAuth 2.0

Authorizing a user using Facebook OAuth 2.0 based login it’s pretty straighfoard. This is for the person who asked a question on stackoverflow.com I hope it helps.

Add the apikey, appid and secret of my Facebook app to the development.ini file

facebook.apikey = 42bc5a4051b274ede5cb73a6cd6fad56
facebook.secret = a355e66e8c0293390896a170f9d5r4c3
facebook.appid = 20894420580890

Configure my model/init.py file:

from PRJNAME.model.meta import Session, Base
 
from sqlalchemy import Column
from sqlalchemy import Integer
from sqlalchemy import Unicode
from sqlalchemy import Table
from sqlalchemy import Text
from sqlalchemy import Unicode
from sqlalchemy import BigInteger
from sqlalchemy import TIMESTAMP
from sqlalchemy import ForeignKey,ForeignKeyConstraint
from sqlalchemy.orm import mapper
 
import datetime
 
def init_model(engine):
    """Call me before using any of the tables or classes in the model"""
    Session.configure(bind=engine,autoflush=True,autocommit=False)
 
def now():
    return datetime.datetime.now()
 
social_user = Table('social_user', Base.metadata,
    Column('id', Integer, primary_key=True),
    Column('oauth_provider', Text(), nullable=False),
    Column('oauth_id', Text() , nullable=False),
    Column('username', Unicode(50), nullable=False),
    Column('access_token', Unicode(200)),
    Column('created', TIMESTAMP(timezone=True), default=now()),
    )
 
  class Social(object):
    pass
 
  mapper(Social,social_user)

Download the Facebook Python-SDK

https://github.com/facebook/python-sdk

And save it on your project lib directory

Create a controller named account

~$ paster controller account

Add a view named login and render a login button

I’ll use https://graph.facebook.com/oauth/authorize as the url to start the authorization process

 import PRJNAME.lib.facebook as facebook
 import simplejson
 from pylons import config
 
 class AccountController(BaseController):
 
   def login(self):
     params = {
       'client_id':config['facebook.appid'],       
       'scope' : 'offline_access,publish_stream,email', #permissions needed by the app
       'redirect_uri' : 'http://'+request.environ['HTTP_HOST']+'/account/auth'
     }
     keys = params.keys()[:]
     keys.sort()
     q_str = unicode()
     for name in keys:
       q_str+= ("&%s=%s" % (name,params[name]))
     c.login_url = 'https://graph.facebook.com/oauth/authorize?' + q_str
     return render('/website/login.html')

login.html

<h1>Login with Facebook</h1>
<p><a href="${c.login_url}"><img src="/images/fblogin.png" alt="login with Facebook" /></a></p>

Add a function on helpers.py

This function will create our access_token from our code request params

  import urllib
  import json
 
  def getAccessTokenFromCode(applicationId, applicationSecret, code,redirect_uri):
    q_str = unicode()
    params = {
      'client_id':applicationId,
      'client_secret':applicationSecret,
      'code':code,
      'redirect_uri':'http://'+request.environ['HTTP_HOST']+redirect_uri
    }
    keys = params.keys()[:]
    keys.sort()
    for name in keys:
      q_str+= ("&%s=%s" % (name, params[name]))
    url = 'https://graph.facebook.com/oauth/access_token?'+ q_str
    response = urllib.urlopen(url).read()
    result = response.split('=')[-1]
    if result:
      return result

Create an auth view on account controller

I do this because in the link button there is an argument called redirect_uri that points to http://ww.example.com/account/auth.

from PRJNAME.lib.helpers import getAccessTokenFromCode
from pylons import config
 
def auth(self):
if request.params.has_key('code'):
      access_token = getAccessTokenFromCode(
       config['facebook.appid'],
       config['facebook.secret'],
       request.params.get('code'),
       redirect_uri='/account/auth'
      )      
      graph = facebook.GraphAPI(access_token)
      #grab the user data
      fbdata = graph.get_object("me") 
      #query the db to check if user is already authorized
      q = Session.query(model.Social)
      user = q.filter_by(oauth_id=fbdata['id']).first()
      if user:
       # you can redirect to a dashboard
       return 'already in db and authorized'
      else:
      #insert user data to db
      fb = model.Social()
      fb.oauth_provider = 'Facebook'
      fb.oauth_id = fbdata['id']
      fb.username = fbdata['name']
      fb.access_token = access_token
      Session.add(fb)    
      Session.commit()
      # redirect to dashboard page

And that’s pretty much it.

 

webjunkie01

 

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